When is Gum Surgery Necessary?

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Periodontal disease is a systemic infection that can destroy the structures that protect and support the teeth. Without treatment, tooth and bone loss can occur. Our dentist in Houston may recommend surgery to control gum disease and restore health to your smile.

Gum surgery is typically used to treat moderate to severe problems and irritation to the gums. The early stages of gum disease occur when bacteria irritate gum tissue, and the body responds with inflammation designed to destroy the bacteria. If the infection is not controlled, the inflammation becomes chronic, and this inflammatory response leads to gum and bone tissue damage. The gum tissue becomes detached from the teeth, and bone is destroyed.

You might be a candidate for surgery if you have deep periodontal pockets that make it impossible for you to brush your teeth effectively or you are at risk of losing your teeth due to bone and gum loss. Our dentist can use pocket reduction surgery, regenerative procedures or grafts to improve or restore periodontal health. Most periodontal surgical procedures are performed in conjunction with conservative therapies, such as scaling and root planning and periodontal maintenance. Call our office today to find out more or to schedule an appointment with our dentist.

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When is Having Gum Surgery Necessary?

Autumn womanWhen most people think of surgery, they think of the brain or the heart, not the gums. But unfortunately, gum surgery is both common and necessary. Gum disease has two stages – mild, or gingivitis, and severe, also known as periodontitis. Gum surgery is performed to cure the latter.

Gum disease has many visible symptoms. Those with gingivitis may notice that their gums are red, puffy, and swollen, and that they bleed when brushing and flossing. As the condition progresses, the teeth may appear longer, as the gums will begin to recede. Periodontal pockets, created by plaque accumulating between the gum tissue and the teeth, will also form.

There are several type of surgeries performed to eliminate the symptoms of severe gum disease. The first usually attempted is a scaling and root planing. This is where our Orange County dentist will use special sharp tools to scrape away the plaque and other harmful substances away from the gum line, and below the gums against the tooth roots.

If this tactic is not successful, gum flap surgery is usually the next step. Our gum surgeon in Orange County will make an incision in the gums in order to pull the apart to better access and remove the plaque on roots of the teeth.