When most people think of surgery, they think of the brain or the heart, not the gums. But unfortunately, gum surgery is both common and necessary. Gum disease has two stages – mild, or gingivitis, and severe, also known as periodontitis. Gum surgery is performed to cure the latter.
Gum disease has many visible symptoms. Those with gingivitis may notice that their gums are red, puffy, and swollen, and that they bleed when brushing and flossing. As the condition progresses, the teeth may appear longer, as the gums will begin to recede. Periodontal pockets, created by plaque accumulating between the gum tissue and the teeth, will also form.
There are several type of surgeries performed to eliminate the symptoms of severe gum disease. The first usually attempted is a scaling and root planing. This is where our Orange County dentist will use special sharp tools to scrape away the plaque and other harmful substances away from the gum line, and below the gums against the tooth roots.
If this tactic is not successful, gum flap surgery is usually the next step. Our gum surgeon in Orange County will make an incision in the gums in order to pull the apart to better access and remove the plaque on roots of the teeth.