There are two types of gum disease. Gingivitis, the term most are more familiar with, refers to mild gum disease. The second type, periodontitis, is more severe. Periodontitis occurs when bacteria and other particles form in the mouth, which results in gum-damaging plaque when not brushed away. Fortunately, periodontists have a few different ways of eliminating this disease, and may need to resort to surgery.
The main goal of gum disease treatment is to control the infection. Any ways your Los Angeles periodontist employs in office is best supplemented by care at home. Regular and attentive brushing is necessary, and you will be required to eliminate any related bad habits, such as smoking.
A scaling and root planning is a common procedure used to restore the health and integrity of the gums. Scaling involves removing tartar above and below the gum line, while root planing gets rid of rough spots on the roots of the tooth where germs collect. This process may require a laser. The result is less bleeding, swelling, and discomfort.
Anti-inflammatory medications may also be prescribed at this time to reduce infection. If these previously described tactics are unsuccessful, your oral surgeon in Los Angeles may recommend a flap surgery or a bone and tissue graft.